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Word Description
Made whole A catchall phrase used in grievance and other legal action where a remedy is sought from an employer.
Maintenance-of-membership clause A collective bargaining provision stating that no worker be required to join the union as a condition of employment.
Maintenance-of-standards clause A contract clause that prohibits an employer from changing any condition of employment regardless of whether or not it is specifically outlined in the collective bargaining agreement without negotiating with the unions bargaining agent.
Make Whole Relief Remedies for discrimination that restore the victim of discrimination to his or her rightful place, i.e., the position, both economically and in terms of employment status that he/she would have occupied had the discrimination never taken place. Common elements of make whole relief include an award of the position the individual was wrongfully denied, back pay with interest, and retroactive seniority.
Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award The Baldridge Award is given by the President of the United States to businesses—manufacturing and service, small and large—and to education and health care organizations that apply and are judged to be outstanding in seven areas: leadership; strategic planning; customer and market focus; measurement, analysis and knowledge management; human resource focus; process management; and results.
Management by Objective (MBO) A performance appraisal strategy in which subordinates determine and set goals for themselves based on the overall goals and objectives for the organization.
Management consultant An individual who works independently to assist and advise clients with managerial responsibilities regarding various organizational issues.
Management development Training and developmental programs designed to provide new managers and existing managers with the resources needed to become more effective in their roles.
Management official An individual who formulates, determines, or influences the policies of the agency. Such individuals are excluded from appropriate units.
Management prerogatives Refers to the rights that management believes are its own and therefore not subject to the collective bargaining process.
Management rights Clause in a collective bargaining agreement which, generally, describes those areas in which management retains complete authority to act. Note: as set forth below in waiver the standard adopted by the NLRB for an effective waiver of a union’s right to demand bargaining over mandatory subjects for bargaining (which is what management rights are), is clear and convincing evidence that the union agreed to waive its right to negotiate, which may be more strict than management rights language.
Mandatory Job Listing (MJL) The provision of the affirmative action clause at 41 CFR 250.4 that requires covered employers to list suit-able job openings with the local office of the State Employment Service.
Mandatory Retirement Age Law of 1978 A statute which prohibits (with the exception of exempted employees and positions) employers from having policies or practices that call for mandatory retirement of employees under the age of 70.
Mandatory subject of bargaining As defined by the NLRA, wages, benefits, hours of work, and other terms and conditions of employment. Parties in a collective bargaining process are required to negotiate in good faith about mandatory subjects, but are not required to make concessions or agree to any proposal and may press their case for or against a mandatory subject to the point of impasse. Also included are union security, dues check off, waiver or zipper clauses, no strike clauses, plant rules, discipline, grievance and dispute arbitration, subcontracting, etc. The general rule is for the proposal to be a mandatory subject it must meet a two-prong test: (1) the subject must “vitally affect” terms and conditions or job security of unit employees, and (2) it must represent a direct frontal attack on a problem thought to threaten the basic wage structure established by the collective bargaining agreement.
Manpower planning The process of assessing an employer’s current workforce content and composition in order to anticipate future staffing requirements needed to meet business goals and requirements.
Mass picketing Picketing by large numbers of people in close formation, typically used as an attempt to prevent access to company premises.
Master agreement A collective bargaining agreement which covers a number of employers (or one ore more of an employers single facilities) and one or more unions.
Material safety data sheet (MSDS) Required by OSHA, an MSDS is a detailed description of each hazardous chemical located in the workplace, which includes information regarding potential health risks, symptoms and treatment measures to be taken if exposure occurs.
Matrix organization An organizational structure where employees report to more than one manager or supervisor.
Mean wage The average wage for a worker in a specified position or occupation, which is determined by adding together the total wages for all incumbents in a specific position or occupation and then dividing it by the total number of incumbents.
Med arb A dispute resolution procedure whereby the parties agree to empower a neutral party to render a final and binding decision regarding the dispute if other mediation efforts have failed to result in an agreement between the parties.
Median The middle value in a series of values arranged in rank order.
Median wage The margin between the highest paid 50 percent and the lowest paid 50 percent of workers in a specific position or occupation.
Mediation A private negotiation and decision-making process in which a mediator assists individuals or groups in finding a resolution to a particular issue or conflict.
Mediation arbitration A process in which a neutral with authority to impose a settlement, first resorts to mediation techniques in an attempt to get the parties to voluntarily agree on unsettled matters, but who can later impose a settlement if mediation fails.
Medical examinations/testing A medical evaluation conducted on a post-offer basis by a company physician or an independent physician to ascertain whether or not a candidate is able to perform the physical requirements of a particular job.
Medical savings account (MSA) A savings account funded by employees through pre-tax contributions; can be used to pay for copayments, deductibles or medical expenses not covered by a health insurance benefit plan.
Medical savings accounts (MSA) Savings accounts designated for out-of-pocket medical expenses. In an MSA, employers and individuals are allowed to contribute to a savings account on a pre-tax basis and carry over the unused funds at the end of the year. One major difference between a Flexible Spending Account (FSA) and a Medical Savings Account is the ability under an MSA to carry over the unused funds for use in a future year, instead of losing unused funds at the end of the year. Most MSAs allow unused balances and earnings to accumulate. Unlike FSAs, most MSAs are combined with a high-deductible or catastrophic health insurance plan.
Medicare A health insurance program administered by the Social Security Administration which is broken into two distinct categories: 1) Medicare Part A helps with hospital costs; and 2) Medicare Part B requires a monthly fee and is used to pay medical costs for people 65 years of age and older, some disabled people under 65 years of age and people with end-stage renal disease (permanent kidney failure treated with dialysis or a transplant).
Meet-and-confer negotiations A public sector negotiation procedure in which the final decision as to terms and conditions of employment for public employees are determined by a public employer.
Member in good standing Union members who have fulfilled requirements for the organization and who have not voluntarily withdrawn, been expelled, or suspended from membership.
Member-to-member network A communications technique designed to allow the leaders of a local union to communicate personally and quickly with members.
Members only contract Collective bargaining agreement that applies only to those employees who are members of the union. This is an illegal and unenforceable contract.
Mental Health Parity Act (MHPA) of 1996 Prohibits group health plans and insurance companies that offer mental health benefits from setting annual or lifetime limits on mental health benefits that are lower than those limits set for any other condition.
Mentoring A career development method whereby less experienced employees are matched with more experienced colleagues for guidance either through formal or informal programs.
Merger The joining of two or more different organizations under one common owner and management structure.
Merit pay A compensation system whereby base pay increases are determined by individual performance.
Merit Resolutions Charges with outcomes favorable to charging parties and/or charges with meritorious allegations. These include negotiated settlements, withdrawals with benefits, successful conciliations, and unsuccessful conciliations.
Merit system A compensation system whereby base pay increases are determined by individual performance.
Metrics A measure used to determine the effectiveness and value of implemented HR programs in increasing performance and profits.
Midterm bargaining The right, under certain circumstances, to initiate bargaining during the term of a collective bargaining agreement.
Minimum qualifications The attributes of a job description which establishes a baseline for meeting the qualifications for a particular position.
Minimum wage The smallest hourly wage that an employee may be paid for all hours worked, as mandated by federal or state law.
Minorities Men and women of those minority groups for whom EEO-1 reporting is required; i.e., Black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander, American Indian or Alaskan Native. As used in this Manual, the term may mean these groups in the aggregate or an individual group. See EEO-1 for further explanation.
Minority business enterprise A small business enterprise that is at least 51 percent owned by one or more minorities or, in the case of a publicly owned business, at least 51 percent of all classes or types of the stock is owned by one or more minorities and whose management and daily business operations are controlled by one or more minorities.
Mission statement A statement illustrating what the company is, what the company does and where the company is headed.
Monopoly A persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a particular product or service.
Moonlighting Working one or more full- or part-time jobs in addition to an individual’s regular full-time job.
Multiemployer bargaining Collective bargaining between one or more employer in a particular industry which results in one master contract.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator A psychological test used to assess an individual’s personality type.